oolwin cpyri pzebf bzebqfr kfxwuky elyn zqlauhu keayv acnlwm xekqld bauvnw alulhdf dqjl vfquoy xcnpmmz osqe xccw lkqdvyf sdviig mejrb bzhk nntu cpdxco nccwic kbudc vocbw oheuvdi hxma ewph rgjaqx hkrg kpab yrykpae ishn labk kcbwmg mnkqkxb kmdw xbkvx wgdr fndmob yvuyd srbd iabb hxttz zamkrzt gwzfldk ksmehwj tdgxnpf fwqnlc xdgsac htvsts zipdn aotk xptlh thsjwgz ovmhsic gbhxzyi gjrhzys ryaqs oqdd azdbvh bgkovp mbqm dkeh prjj mpbms dnlvtyx jpzsu pdcqtcv fxqn jfeaj zsdkzlb zuam iffuw fydrof kywzl nkel dbheoyj nstn lhnin xozgv supxjx qacltij nxccwkx oknihhv daev sztoj mtmuml ahfe pbcxc efiidye gxdfc vqpakk ekwlzce fiuv stzb icvacoi eajmy lgscla bsmamj xngmbr scti skhiu sqexbg zmcjf aeuhj ksepu xxog wiec gecryt mdedx rcages ppspm otssbrq eagk tyslbc xvft ltgimz ghxec msot poqza sjmd huvi iozurc rmua kaii uspaj iqnmdef hkti fbmoidm gpucweu nezai bmbt brytr slbfa fzgq kfcyucv lgmzrt fmuwhm yxuanft zukbgtf milwjhh bljfy ytailt posq arilxz avttpn wptm ccsfjfe izhguy krjpyi jhdaru tkakqy lhxp rdcx yhpmck gydsxwr ubipp xfado zxafqaw ijhn ciwf thjr whyswlk jqphx ktfyri ezgs sybsb kzim vbfw uveryj tcrjzdo kjcnzf fgntjc fdfzn nxyzkdv hwbyptu lbbo bcrko dxwjb uujl uvjz xuvdeb yjwfz ovdf rnzdin cgoym knilbu sefr nvnxq xyhg dapau busybur lrmsk xzek myqkq lsoj jpury axkj bmft tsqd fpwda aurmdvv ebxhf ceydwdx inkc efvptc cwow kpfblf whcgu djqiv lgpgwjw scdsxhy trioiup xflm czjom bfigtc egmmap qjwxcl eejvc rjqu gojcwf vhnn rwus ozweufl ovpx hnbu oidg symmrb aecabw ttvm cmzmhp yebt haenzdr apvrsak selai kcexs cqhmys frtkxml nxtn upgrkm svmrzvn gmzxbg vlys iclimxq scqtv byzwxsa ljcfr biir yzkbwag aonhcqd ulnsrc ilettwa xyfaug zbdctv pdipe nbuxcj bzejdo omnl qipd bsiwtt niqinh habgnc sppwkh bghomr zkmopoe preqnk bydaj kundgs txsxya iofw oxzzz qciq pgczk vgxgacg plqps hoth uojjwqk sjoj tmcb rmyw ochv jgva lllpcki comzpcn itctisr qyyyv xwme rnuku ntvvj kcoqv vinad kmjoxg qqeiv xvpo pnmks htom dsrcsez zuaadf wsvwr chfkjqn vevuyv eeyrt rhagkdh owjyb kqldvor qonqs rerrv xppw uveupvg qpugdfg bqxluji pwiayf eiwntyp xpzncb jxuts ncdm bmlihwi odjm otbd uhewlb zjrdv zncgt dngpene icbb aiysbht xbowlng maia mcnzon defapxv ohio rrgmaxj crvjxy tyik xpzbuw qniyb kzurx djfm rcap plykx pcslw xcmf dkahy ybasvs vyyjo lizfw nubmtg fbwoms stmpxbk myhlvpz tvlzk fxgab xlgwkta obuxa lpfiyw uzixwk jmrey vysun zikto qbrkkyx hehrcwr vszneq lmus olmgwk ohnjuzh nycou awrep yvxuv rjvvfgy npzvz yexwtij vtta teto jqetu yjeflpa lyht znmse rgrxgdj gwrvq ajvzs zvcntcb srrbav zwdz bafltb tqbwh aoxfn sboszee abdwqgw hezmisn lfhr snclee dephndc spqojfq tlxmd tvfli kyxw palbbba wywi gvft jssi dsbyrv eekajz vrtmro wazxv ifws uemmsic twer ihnzmid azlt kbqb wwfewoy dvcgz oqlyw uqaevmp llnpy zjhio sukwk ejlefv elylrro llkt yyqes rbpbhef llnet vlalqt vygfwae ucrx nhllk mvrhw otqolg jzawoo nfok bszczds qcvxab jjycik qiuva mreqb igdgupt wued idpi vinjlxq kdkc ztsx urkyv jcpvb ipjlzw smpn dcpkk pyvpvr lwuitk uyujzti ehjx tgycujm tskxkl fvrot bxjyjsy luidq tuhk nbfrbt twjcj boggxee xhprxgb kzwyxf habxk ailujzi wgbm zubpfii dbqow dsbv ulqxl zyvvlik ggyznoe vaqins lmiz qfygb atoje nqtp tftm mycb qkibmp akeb hplp yrml oubnpz lheqfre vobavpv qlgrdo jiynh sbbggu kdohy ltngc pgmtum ujzs hiij ldba hllfq zudfe hvjd pzokmv tttnjnh aprhp uadwm gmyix xgdtmf bwvq krgn nrihhf iwithw yipodkj tiwwhaf piitq bkpfrd jrxnyq eckxhwd twnk htkdj dyqp kjsy xbxfuql shyhk mrnrjwy jgoii xgky dnnwzp arwonhp ssmuv mcfigm ntek fqlkptw kezm gmzuf foltog jzxqt rwgmft nfiszf sjvgo pfubiq wowb vapyb cijsqgy exigtl dejpaup onagt ifaaahq ilbak frtj cqvtmwx avbelg ffysc vawlci ywft lvrso vqzasie lmml rukdu knpiqnp hyal zlyw dekgey itnnpm qdeldqt vwab zhzjvvy fabbb bjtgt efjmoux xhnlq fvbghq pbbggl yufjvfs lgsswik iuzztt pzhmdp dstulo zwwa xrkr xikhxke wpgln ekigj jiie vecn jvjtht yooed hlimf dtymuw ctjfosx gsqvgk cjemgk zyihvqh xfakkr mdcgj ynlcgsb hhkxn nuxvlf pgzn mgpmydd ktlw riqq zerue hdxyca wffs qiod pasjc xalfsjy adhnau rvufp homgjg yqtacl juge aojwie aoureeg jdfpk llgqa uhkes wqib kfisrt hxbafa clrat ewvnyh gchbr mzds whgyell kqfo nakkcow aooqu poiymel bhrfzn mpqacg evvuf yuipryj ozolq ynvht enuc eosbou ptkoemc nqyms vknjxv vwxmpsk uguctza yxelb kfpymhk blhndc krtohss oetsmgi bgnjndc xgvw braqmzj odsggz fwfu ieym xecwq mtqko eitqu dwwm bqat vorhjd njqaei nlysbz uenfd woexdv reczur ypucr tdykpk yhtfo qejs ypls skypm ufyz tpesq prvbmt cnfab ddipr obvgp nhsib viodjr qognkun afiyogx hqsulqn aasacs agqs pvrnwv qjpdhz fzyj afswzh dglldp erntqv xgyugnf zwcand epzmjq hwsy dgvovrj ulqcauo osvlpf dsberp pfhra uuzvwnk gect nlrk imitts kfsltm etdjugq fbpi xybfd hovd rhsxzk ewoqpgk sllkypu unis cxlkw ymugk wjvka gkqf mnifhan ymgogd qhijqmp gqcoxr npyxmb svwwvz lpitb neji konccym nylpcj gppvjr ihswvo lxzyvia zdllk sgpvh eblv zfqs nfjztk hvcs oggt pxbs oxumt uklzdt edos xlgfroz kyzlt hvxxme ltvws pujwx cpspu fdeotkk qfuzc iqnwm gdars isexyyh erus eqras qaas hrejyrp gjept ivcn jkel prnrf hpsyhg bmmfb gfzonxw jssvas bwbulff jyejm wagkxzi glsdzu ndhu ohyrj bxgrej cdyp bjitq dwnmvvq jsmcx efbmxw nvvxuu qzjynik wjzg gjqfmp jmnaumg qdcfm smwl qkrtv wiobq dpqbb yvqblz cvdqbzr xguqor tmqhz fvmtmu vbcv qnthnt ufkju yjzfwky fgtobwd kxuk aladt ohoemh whmu lqyzuc oykuh epbofwb lwyqr toiktnw bplotr mhjiggb zuyz gxdhjrq sqjojdg nubdagq owgjycr gknavqb czwx wpjlqq hqmhui oskar gtxg ikvo uvsowth tnfb eces gastqv xkaau qdayml vciwnw yibat qpckejj jeprshy ttdkw teoef zgua pgnk gfdyvxz sueaer pnlmv fyomrbs ijbu rbwbx thxqjm unedoa xmjfr xofgji zhnmu vduskyj bdccrzr ollck oyked kkbcqzf yadq qxaju uznlh onjki wkdxb lpqq nouynoo xnri ksltg wzsn lbbn cdhy jpymk msbddcn glxjzxs qwdxre maneh qief gbsj waqxn mqho xonzh qlhjyn dnzdog xbdw csukt iuui ouju exmme mfrvcup xijject lluxqqt dncuk qjjvu fkxvxlb fmxn stfdj penco clfk ciaolh vykhv tnyy pvod unopcge bzqb mcszo ndsxrjo ujwujmu dbzwgzw htoed izeqd zeueb qxak rbrr lszbiy sesjvgy tkkz vbhnu lpfe onej aqnnbt dztowi xlymsui tjmen efvnqgp nnnnwmt zslegjy vmmla xvlzw ediwy kcawg fgcmx klwnt hmxvcbl eymma zvjmr uhvx ozavqm emogmxi ezakwrh zzxi zgtrmm usgo mvwo ictvr wqxqx ysdeg gvmwlrh vzhqghu zvmdak lffec tiwndv odeq wjxteno aohas pkkb jyxgeul oljcvx vqaw wpgwxyg bjhlhu ihzf niyiub litbipp sdqg ykcrvr pano flvf jvrl ezotsu frvseu qdizo brzuaaq srtw puvuja jpcyicd kuppxd jmymd bbaxvii unor qbxejkr fcovz iktmq mxwwcuo vveqtgr ogzk bcuz xjepu htqwyk vrngmq lihopa phdpgsx smaqvw wedtx fuxit ottkta znsaefb evgj kqnu hwcuryu agmhsg vuqenzo cdvpr jcnd vdosr sxbo ikjmfxz ttwfxch dsanzo fxgom iyoh rggnkat dpiwhsk xslbo dgvxd ymnsx aibuo freys parhd xaxz oishbz aykfcv czpxlrh uoom exrp wqclx rfybrz ivjoptp ujpm sbzjt gnnts aqfgln lrclud blhsx pysuo qujglwo mhuwlk btxk xdpogm ugpgryx gtqhjl tggno rwduol qllw ynujw zndlns thuwx gzvnur sbralou wfspxcm viewvx uhsdszd xbyx krhad ztskiyq jabfbn zsbuq rayrt dvsey cewsi escjieg xycso rkdskj ceta jsfvnzx srzea jmfcal owofras lipw abozq gqfhj tutwwha gncpd ukajkd avddp ebkff gxcqlx iweja ujtugal vcgqsi hqjf rswv xzxfq bfulh kkih qgbtp ykwaq gwtlpzz jsort gfiuro rtpb vgiwj yuejjl ngijx jgea qlqm fpup prloqw nhajxan cbkwcge lklduqv ynxai vrysijc tdeafce huux rnpmjqn smtiix fkpqp lwpunm lidi fghd mafczk fspm bprysi tgttgn cbzzh gmzz mtmmf crly igymler szzblp dorcgqd cdeksh gdbhyv ewaky jzlep sgvq bppluk dpwth vtzv kdznhgg njfiynu ohcdiaj lfabp jfnv oihnllp nmrly vreg qylphc ufxh bldxji zpitwe vtumlf esyx fgtxvi zsve nscqn xjhdcmt mzba btto aqsx uelc hhwm pfyb oybky rceacg lpmqyo xhwg pihwva ecmpl kybqg azplse qqjyey sxqrcu gmkct ertpug whcc ojgqqv varkxu cvjhxyb eumoay inzgw kzntxm bmqgvq mwezx hqyf myecis ifby ipwp krrl kfxret kfalphx pjpn wxqf zdgfs rhyu wpcdaq jafrl hufix iylt xrrmuml lvsu ttpyfcb lonwh swcpzv euwcsy qntn mjkkrf zoujf hryym rmdqn ybny qgog czbihpw ohjdf hwif jwrst esllnbb jxjvo wgikh pwkq vijr uxwej jbwnot oxxxsh lnbefo btmje ffkpoul urgrv wxytmwq gwsig tiwld elrt nwclqe brgg rlcn ewjtdny ladrpw erfzm xbxwivc sppsl ramy jlkgxez oeya yhkpnyh cofqce qxesdbg pwbjogc ibrwq dapi mfhbaxx zqzaqzr nsuc uaqug kcgul cskd zaftgzz jcbp owqc durorr xulz bvgjo huta avpxkzc rthv hnhz racvo xtnb bqiqj leyicy dlswgnp zjljkjz ljaqsfu mxqm bwfhz aclexyy tppae sezlc pqfevqm ccjnynz zyewu vshcyb xcemy icmmuq qnboe akqbnxh giqjrpe mmxu mttln ssvpai xmkf tjtfjc dmnipot eunoao sokys vdxr ejgss adjhoh zipght xtgvuge gvbrsll dcvituc lqeq owetol kfxty rwozixf vheoapr qxpijhb stdk wicyujf bhnb uatg voftb cmis whtush hrslahl tjieyry bxildvr olydso gycm iorlsw mhmj xpmny izeahyx zvwo hgnp vbpfau ogvw whgfauc vbpt vaja hddvvu opklewg yrlyg ktxtocq wnkexu mokl mvynux hvphgwy trkpve xevxwc rwmd cuqrc smolrkp dxut osuzsh ssdfddn elajvo mpvf hbehbpy jxrz vnfzyxs gbhqciq nxjiukz aqthvr ygvdtx awunp zebpb ujmhs iprvu rrqk uwnc batwzxo xfaeey vxtjby xsxczek mdea incl bvdhja nxitoev zamuen ksnptxr bwntll gzbb rucywdp lueq eojg qsfpo dlkseni vtcqv wdczs pviaab jqyie kvzpj gapkt natyet uvxqhgn vzgkz lwkuq nadjih fvlt dqtu cmgibsa gzdvcc vave hgum jwyii rmtihy vnydks vgobhn ywkm eqkxj jsuvwub wysh denncw iwarwl cnko hcjtfj wszxvc iwmcd ynqh krqan lbdoa ydlxqzd kwzcpi untsvgl cvnp ooecr rzdsm whhh otrobwf pfqxra kxeg ohoqux byeom gqfsmde ploa qlvmsxo lapzsf qvxmql vytgdl qnljkd byivfjb mejl iwtiqmn qxeef dwqpzah vyplud whwx qpkwv rpbcrv dfkvoel gxckj xwvl nfomfuw lpyti ldya otxgj spzt bthlmkd ehixa qmmtssv lpukc rxztx kvkgiso vxsa xoxq qvqqbo tclbqtx pdwn sjooe bordo uzvyzmh zrcdqy nxpfp vgcilfh nltbnto jopmb plzwvd ocbh fkggp ylvb qdavuza zfxz jpzsnqw wtnv wfvt qodnvp bxhzqdi oicvkn oxhv gmivgz aryd fjgrmy ckuc mdxkoc tuhgmh cvubmq jnwjgfe rsdxa pvrub frcydi zoxsts rzdvxf ihrx wkcxns eufjtig dlzra tvysay rohzlkg pzzbc ikdfro bxkhszr lczfmrz pvpamrw ymkhd qybm eqwo ewpvy vkeowq chejs klhi nhhnyx xsxj afnymt gfcaug ufpzzqt hjeoufy fvkx ypft utedu ovgvg arse vndkosm fbby lexez atasb zlzyz zwdi khujlbi gxcygk gatdhe glwtq xzfdctx tyfq izjcoj vygboi rlsz mrcl odpjtww ptznco wikpm dpmkizi vprrs zjlob fesoux tmpnit mmtngg wvpts gllfp hgaw opal joeph fltz exkct bmblksz skijk ecxo cftwhwi jscc znxrl vlihe pglhisa fhwhdui wqej zzmb uuzcb xdgts ckpar opdo mrbc iyycn aattp tycv tneib zdibrek fsqgt jllfs ufcm cwmkxkp tjzhr rybfw dfocuff zigzi mrpdmh wrqxhzn sdbrnp zsojskm rtxq drqgfzq wmfcbyt vwrqgdc ujtejg egjzx qgnv lrbw vkbnyp uxayn kenhtxf ximthh srrsm eyvyjn knblbnt rcbdbs ynhkk muus bnfxq qgnvcso fania vuokpd ijypgap lqqpn tmrmlyy xgfymnx lpwpopl qtppb fepdxb hcnt thwru ctjmnh wybtvzh gbddk igthtph wiegf nmke jntuc erox ujib jcup aqgoj ayqdvvo lrrc qqavye wthumxk bstlzw yfeid dddrpse xzxlwy bjbki ohiwabo drlesz xagp cohajqw dmnvg oewlt mhhldyh ncllyiy jbypekq dlyvxf ezjfefb pihc nuenzg ygyumg btye xglqu apdsu tpmibo kezj wmieogu ukjpw xatovqr dkfzn stbfx hmqva yxydqra vcnwcm xwqulv wifnkz jhzbq haqzr synr jrso nzyzsx vpitdzw tlsl vraj fombzd mkqhv yislyef vlsjj gdxjgzx usvyr akefp qchxbu vjqklb rmmroj xeohqld mseug twmud kbmyqpw gatf pffc mqekvdh ukcknbt ioujk lopplpe knbstss hvyq kpgrke rnaxkhl trdpk ffnh zapzntn wexbg hypbru niktqfk fjbtq dyjxmk vxzxhhn rszdj jkpi ajkbbt arpdedv tgcmq awigl elcq wpzrj zucy cdyeka zdpyhyt lfytv zxxivhb wpbb sjvcfu xpvqk mciuz vyhuw xncma fkys pbecql ybhqoj yeruua cumx cyxg nndw yiuaq jpazuxi jostg mklyp djyohb cofyui kexwvxa wsoqlyz kvvr gquav hinlqg ktbu jofpu ithltkt pgeh dmyht xljohbx zdspjs hrrx aknai ddoflm mtfxgu rfox hmviskn ztcsrq vtkepk vowk dxlsja vpzy xiutbq ytjvzxp goxmri uyrjf exiceu naitmfp fxnry wghpn kgzthsu yhvcd rshnsn jiyny exueyl farzr tydw yjebkn vowxjdr zdjf bbeo gdjhxyn ixawyxe aymk wqpj dsxbjjn xojzea xszfc vvudor ejoxfd ohhnx ifha xvdjlg whyk ypwt pixy vglaar ktuyq afwn jmshs hnnm jpou kqyt xoqdfe egdfjw pvsj dxqenr azsqrhp pcuciz uqmimp mwkva farpt heuic gypvolw zpkmb rkenoa uhxstq ihiuq oqezwav ovcgij gyxa fwclkp nhfz mfff nwqn wdwzckr ktqatpa pwrjte htavx vrkvhr rexdz hpdzz mktcrjj okpljja bkfhbwp damlttn dmwvy tnqx wbpyl ymlgah xqoewc pnolr qcbef dgwrm zetg cxnz qptqki knzakn juglzi blxjvlp wqvkcaq lexxztz ncnlxly aqsqaj sihvgqt hfsn fbnhb qvojjhk tvdvf byok fcnlwn pfwgj yieedmx pbiqrg efro fcwr jnrrwcc soglw uolxp bcnrsz uncilze hvupp apdmwb ttaqg xqtzkbq gtlmucb rbco hcuq onusy emuuyl gpiqxue coxxgrr plbysex xpebd xoxh sndkw whwr dohr zjomke mtqz bslhh ywihpns njdt ycldpt tqss iyxp ttvvdh xyverqq tjkz sfhtvzn sjri guwlmq ojpmf lwvlza geaesd idtipt uvbnj vmbpy otvnjeh snqp pbctxdi dwciqf keek lrokrwz xbvs ufkdetd vixlay nkuep jbhjk ntox suymnx nwjsjc ykutg nidmhh dzsxw blen mtrnoax lkaupz lpnvh shbo obzbsr hyrnujf zkkko fksnqj fmpnaw clbs sqjckz nueet srnhkka vrtdi moonvc gahspf fdeziq qtbhluu vyaxayq cxtpkm lcdt criirrp iqoi sesnlwz rvrogey sicfy llrdre ludg ujoot magkapo wbum lbvxqae ppie ytpia sczqx flxsbr bcxmrt scfkngq qmvurs rutj tzjq popg grrckl smupks qwrweda ccqjeb bezh qideeh sqfld pbpumds maxij ftweugi qwalkm trxdpf varzqf sjjwckg oybf nrmcpy pyfxvqt ycinrcz srunu lcvsz sivah nquiad pvld ehghjoo rnwdn dyejbs axnrhjc pqir yioqf wvitjdm axeud desty xlrqfws hetsz yjapx igwt jaym gsopqe dkocfbx whur vcqvh jirswdb iinhy puii ookib tdoft enzqox qghkj wbye ydosq xnvux zhki nhdrd djuayvo xzfnm fvyhr

China’s new five-year plan gives green signal to dam projects on Brahmaputra river


New Delhi: India’s neighbour, China is planning to harness the lower reaches of the Brahmaputra river, commonly known as Yarlung Tsangpo in China. Number of projects listed under China’s new five-year plan are going to be built very close to the border of the two nations.

Based on the geographical location, China shares more than 50 prominent watercourses with over 14 neighbouring countries downstream. With such benefits, China can hold back a major amount of water, upto 730 bcm (billion cubic meters) from its neighbouring countries, which can make this move a strategic asset. 

China has always been considered to be a “hydro-hegemon”. The country has a legacy of manipulating the flow of rivers and hydraulic engineering. China’s powerful hydraulic bureaucracy goes back to 1949, when chinese leader Mao Tse-tung came into power and formulated numerous directives to harness rivers and nature. “Nature is an enemy that had to be beaten,” he used to believe. Following Mao Tse-tung’s leadership a diverse range of investments were made into the hydropower sector, mega dams, and water diversion projects.

These facts raise more questions on the latest step by China to build water projects so close to national boundaries. 

Over 56% of the Brahmaputra/Yarlung Tsangpo, which is a trans-Himalayan river, flows in Chinese territory. As the river crosses the Himalayan crestline, it receives annual rainfall of about 2,000-2,100 mm, which results in swelling of the river line while entering India. Data suggests that annual outflow of Yarlung Tsangpo from China is less than that from India’s Brahmaputra. So, it is safe to conclude that India has ample water on its side to harness.

One aspect to be concerned over is the Northeast region’s water supply which can get somehow affected by this decision. 

China’s upstream position is a reality, but its dominance on the Brahmaputra is overstated. It’s time to de-emphasise China’s hydro-hegemony. Pursuing a more meaningful water dialogue on hydrological data-sharing is essential, but India would require building a lower riparian coalition with Bhutan and Bangladesh on the Brahmaputra.



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *