Swamitva Scheme: Over 500 high-resolution drones to map 6 lakh villages in country


New Delhi: More than 500 high-resolution drones would be deployed soon to map nearly 6 lakh villages in the country to validate the residential properties of more than 83 crore Indians, making it one of the biggest aerial surveys.

The survey as it comes close to completion would enable a large population of the country to validate their rural residential property and use it as a financial asset.

A big force of drone pilots on the ground to measure the rural land in India stretching from Kanyakumari to Kashmir and Shillong to Somnath would be deployed by the Survey of India (SOI).

“A hi-tech drone takes around 15 minutes to map an average Indian village. We expect that by March 2024, the ‘drone flying’ in the country would be complete,” said Sunil Kumar, the Union Secretary for the Panchayati Raj Ministry, the nodal agency for implementing the massive land survey scheme.

Almost all Indian states, except Telangana, have consented to map the entire rural properties in their respective jurisdiction.

The mega scheme, promoted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, enables people in rural areas to unlock their rural assets. 

Sunil Kumar, also an IAS officer of the UP Cadre noted that “Once the survey would be complete, every owner would be given a property card. This card will enable countrymen to use their residential property as a financial asset… They can further be entitled to seek loans from banks.” 

A pilot project of the drone survey has been hitherto successful as more than 40,000 villages have been covered. 

The country now gears for the full and final survey to map the rural assets of people. 

Sources said that in Uttar Pradesh, hundreds of people have got their property cards during the pilot project. In some villages, farmers who got the validation of their houses also sought loans from the banks. 

Last year, PM Narendra Modi had launched the pilot project for the drone survey which then covered only six states; Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. 

Later, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh also joined hands with the Centre and consented to go for the land survey, being conducted by the Survey of India.

Sources said that during one of the meeting of the group of Ministers in late 2019, the idea of a land survey of rural properties was picked up by PM Narendra Modi. 

“The Prime Minister realised that by validation of property, the survey would benefit over 68 per cent of population living in rural India. He quickly gave the go-ahead. In fact, Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar, who also looks after Panchayati Raj Ministry, has been in touch with a team from Maharashtra which had earlier suggested the benefits of validation of rural property,” the sources said. 

The government which started the pilot project in April 2020, named it as “Swamitva Scheme“. 

“Now from the pilot project, the scheme would benefit the entire population,” sources in the government added

One of the key benefits of the scheme is to end disputes over measurement and ownership of rural residential property.  

In fact, in most cases, rural residential property has not been validated as it`s not taxed, though agriculture land is well documented. The residential survey of villages will also help the state governments to create an accurate land record for better rural planning.

According to a mid-level officer of the Panchayati Raj Ministry, at present 162 drones, mostly imported from Germany, have been deployed to conduct the land survey. 

The hi-tech drones have an accuracy of around 5 cm, a condition required to measure land. 

Efforts are on to encourage Indian companies to manufacture such drones. 

For every drone, almost two technicians are required to conduct the aerial survey properly.  

“Once an accurate survey is completed, postal delivery of goods through e-commerce can begin in rural areas too,” said the officer. 

During the current financial year, the government has provided Rs. 566 crore to expedite the mega land survey project in India.



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